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A Mediation Expert Shares the Secret to Keeping Your Divorce Amicable

In my work as a mediator, I've yet to hear a client tell me they want their kids involved in their divorce. However, when divorcing parents avoid talking about what needs talking about, the outstanding issues lead to future conversations that are more challenging than they need to be, more complicated than they need to be, and more likely to affect the kids.

"I don't want to stir the pot. I'd prefer to keep things calm," a client recently told me. While his divorce was proceeding amicably, there were unaddressed issues and lingering uncertainties – which can become problematic post-divorce. And when these issues do resurface, what are the odds that you and your ex will have the time and patience to work through them?

Big changes deserve big conversations. I encourage my clients to get as much clarity as they can as soon as they can – even if the divorce is going well.

For the sake of peace in the future and to avoid stress on their children, spouses should ask each other these questions during the divorce process:

  • What impact is our divorce having on our kids?
  • What commitments do we want to make to mitigate and prevent this?
  • In their interest, what commitments do we want to make to each other around communication?
  • What challenges should we be ready for in our co parenting? How do we want to approach them?
  • How are we going to make decisions together now that we're divorced?
Related: Worksheet: Create a Thoughtful Divorce Co Parenting Plan

If you intend to have this conversation without the support of a third party, try to keep two tips in mind: Ask questions, and listen without thinking about solutions. (This second tip may sound odd at first; read on to see what I mean.)

1. Ask questions

By focusing your energy on asking open-ended questions, you create space for your spouse to feel heard (which will enable them to do a better job hearing you), and you gather valuable information about how to proceed in the least painful, least costly ways for all involved.

Use the questions above if they feel helpful, or prepare your own in advance. You can check to see if your question is a good one by asking yourself: "Does this question sincerely invite my spouse to share their ideas, concerns, or feelings?" If the answer is no, keep working on the question. It's natural for our agendas, our grievances, and our hopes to try to sneak aboard our questions before we embark on an important conversation. Check for stowaways before you set sail.

Related: How to Keep Your Divorce Conversations Productive

2. Listen without thinking about solutions

My clients are often rightfully confused by this instruction. Aren't we interested above all else in solutions? In compromises that enable us to move forward? Yes, but not during the listening.

If you intend to have this conversation without a facilitator, you'll need to monitor this for yourself. Listen as though you are on a tightrope. Imagine that it requires that much care and focus. It does.

In a difficult conversation, listening can be hard. It feels endless, and we become impatient. But listening well in these moments is the most productive and efficient thing you can do. While you need to be listening, thoughts like, "What if my spouse gets everything they want, and I get none of what I need?" are akin to a tightrope walker paying too much attention to the ground.

For your listening to be effective, your spouse must never gain the impression that you are distracted or impatient – just like a tightrope walker must never check their watch or think ahead to the press conference while suspended in the air.

That's the kind of careful, focused balance we should strive for in these conversations. It sounds hard; maybe it even sounds impossible. But it's actually easier. When we relieve ourselves of the multitasking and the stressful distractedness of listening with an agenda, we start to hear the other person. Really hear them. And they can tell when that happens; it's unmistakable.

Listening well doesn't magically resolve the outstanding questions at hand. It does something even more important. In the context of a divorce, listening well allows each spouse to be less clenched and more curious, to shift from anticipating struggle to assuming good intentions.

When divorce is the right decision, it deserves the right conversation. It's not "looking for trouble" to ask what might be difficult in the future. With all the changes divorce brings, asking big questions can create a more stable foundation for the future you want to build.